[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Yavvari, Prabhu S. and Gupta, Siddhi and Arora, Divya and Nandicoori, Vinay K. and Srivastava, Aasheesh and Bajaj, Avinash (2017) Clathrin-Independent Killing of Intracellular Mycobacteria and Biofilm Disruptions Using Synthetic Antimicrobial Polymers. Biomacromolecules, 18 (7). pp. 2024-2033. ISSN 1525-7797

[img] Text
Clathrin Independent Killing of Intracellular Mycobacteria and Biofilm Disruptions using Synthetic Antimicrobial Polymers.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (8Mb) | Request a copy


Current membrane targeting antimicrobials fail to target mycobacteria due to their hydrophobic membrane structure, ability to form drug-resistant biofilms, and their natural intracellular habitat within the confines of macrophages. In this work, we describe engineering of synthetic antimicrobial polymers (SAMPs) derived from biocompatible polyamides that can target drug-sensitive and drug-resistant mycobacteria with high selectivity. Structure−activity relationship studies revealed that reduced hydrophobicity of cationic pendants induces enhanced and selective permeabilization of mycobacterial membranes. The least hydrophobic SAMP (TAC1) was found to be the most active with maximum specificity toward mycobacteria over E. coli, S. aureus, and mammalian cells. Membrane perturbation studies, scanning electron microscopy, and colony PCR confirmed the ability of TAC1 to induce membrane lysis and to bind to the genomic material of mycobacteria, thereby inducing mycobacterial cell death. TAC1 was most effective in perfusing and disrupting the mycobacterial biofilms and was also able to kill the intracellular mycobacteria effectively without inducing any toxicity to mammalian cells. Cellular uptake studies revealed clathrin independent uptake of TAC1, thereby allowing it to escape hydrolytic lysosomal degradation and effectively kill the intracellular bacteria. Therefore, this manuscript presents the design and selective antimycobacterial nature of polyamide polymers with charged hydrophobic pendants that have ability to disrupt the biofilms and kill intracellular mycobacteria.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Biomedical Science
Bioengineering & Devices
Depositing User: RCB Library
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2020 11:59
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2020 11:59
URI: http://rcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/357

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item