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Hussain, Nazneen and Chatterjee, Subhendu Kumar and Maiti, Tushar Kanti and Goswami, Linee and Das, Subhasish and Deb, Utsab and Bhattacharya, Satya Sundar (2021) Metal induced non-metallothionein protein in earthworm: A new pathway for cadmium detoxification in chloragogenous tissue. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 401. p. 123357. ISSN 03043894

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Earthworms neutralize toxic metals by a small (∼13 kDa) cysteine rich metal binding protein, metallothionein (MT). Although the rate of metal accumulation and MT expression does not correlate well, the reason behind such inconsistency has not yet been deciphered. The present investigation clearly demonstrates that expression of some non-MT metal induced proteins is responsible for such incongruity. Applying selective protein isolation techniques in fluorescence tagged cadmium exposed (135 mg/kg) earthworms we were able to purify a 150 kDa metal induced protein (MIP) among others. After 60 days of exposure cadmium accumulation in earthworm intestines was significant. Immunofluorescence staining followed by confocal microscopy exhibited that MIP accumulates ingested cadmium in the intestinal region and eventually deposits the metal in the chloragogenous tissue. We determined the N-terminal sequence of 15 amino acid residues and after bioinformatics analysis, it was concluded that MIP is most probably a glutamic acid rich, novel cadmium binding protein. To further validate the binding mechanism, we conducted paper chromatography and continuous variation experiments which evidenced that cadmium readily binds to glutamic acid. The present finding is the first in-vivo evidence of a non-metallothionein cadmium binding protein induced in the intestines of earthworm exposed to a cadmium rich environment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Biochemical and Biophysical Sciences
Depositing User: RCB Library
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2022 06:18
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2022 06:18
URI: http://rcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/400

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