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Sreekanth, Vedagopuram and Bajaj, Avinash (2013) Fluorescence (Fluidity/Hydration) and Calorimetric Studies of Interactions of Bile Acid–Drug Conjugates with Model Membranes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 117 (7). pp. 2123-2133. ISSN 1520-6106

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We have studied the interactions of three bile acid-tamoxifen conjugates, lithocholic acid-tamoxifen (LA-Tam(1)-Am), deoxycholic acid-tamoxifen (DCA-Tam(2)-Am), and cholic acid-tamoxifen (CA-Tam(3)-Am), possessing 1-3 tamoxifen molecules having an amine headgroup with model DPPC membranes and compared with N-desmethylated tamoxifen (TamNHMe) using DPH based fluorescence anisotropy, Prodan based hydration, and differential scanning calorimetry studies. DPH based anisotropy studies showed that bile acid-tamoxifen conjugates increase membrane fluidity, which strongly depends on the number of tamoxifen molecules conjugated to bile acid and the percentage of doping of bile acid-tamoxifen conjugates in the DPPC membranes. The order of membrane fluidity of the coliposomes from bile acid-tamoxifen conjugates and DPPC lipids in gel phase was found to be CA-Tam(3)-Am > DCA-Tam(2)-Am > LA-Tam(1)-Am > TamNHMe. Incorporation of bile acid-tamoxifen conjugates showed an unusual complex behavior of membrane hydration, as evident from Prodan based hydration studies. Temperature dependent study showed incorporation of LA-Tam(1)-Am and DCA-Tam(2)-Am conjugates decreases membrane hydration with an increase in temperature up to the phase transition temperature (T(m)). Differential scanning calorimetry studies showed a decrease in phase transition temperature (T(m)) upon an increase in the percentage of doping of TamNHMe and CA-Tam(3)-Am, whereas LA-Tam(1)-Am and DCA-Tam(2)-Am do not cause a major change in the phase transition temperature (T(m)) of DPPC liposomes. These studies showed the differential behavior of bile acid-tamoxifen conjugates regulating the membrane fluidity, hydration, and phase transition of model membranes depending upon the percentage of doping and tamoxifen conjugation to bile acids.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Biomedical Science
Biochemical and Biophysical Sciences
Depositing User: RCB Library
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2017 13:44
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2017 13:44
URI: http://rcb.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/80

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